There are some reasons that these issues are coming up. in 1790, the first copyright act was placed. But in 1952 the universal copyright conventions were produced in Geneva. Later on the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Berne Convention) that Paris started in 1896, and the United States joined this convention in 1988. Moving forward, the introduction of new technology and the digital future brought forth new copyright thoughts. From medias distributed across the World Wide Web (web) the process of downloading, reading, and copying is what a computer is designed to do. With this being said we have had some problems with Americans limiting the internet use, as well as monitoring them. Therefore your causes and arguments of each side of the argument are explained here.
Ever since the digital revolution, and NAPSTER has been able to redistribute illegally, through digital copies. With this noted it is fully understood that companies do not want their sold material, to be illegally redistributed. The industries that suffer from distributing of illegal digital copies, do seek for their argument to be heard. This started to happen even before companies started distributing digital copies themselves. Before one would use a computer to digitalis what was on a Videocassette or digital video disk.
Once companies started distributing digital copies, through themselves or iTunes, they started becoming sold more often than stolen. But after many file-sharing sites like LimeWire were being shut down, the limiting options to get digital copies, including selling them, became more popular. But the extensive measures to find these sites and shut them down, are hard for the government to complete, legally.
On the other side you have the humanistic side, “one that cares about their rights in America.” One attempt by government was to remove links and domain access to copyright sites (SOPA and PIPA). But the limiting domain names on the web, does not eliminate the associated IP and file address in the internet. and also, it limited access to nearly anything on the web, using copyright as a broad term. This term that referred to any idea you state, that is not yours, without proper credit given, you could not veiw that site through its domain.
The second attempt by government comes from tracking all web activity. THis bill is curently called Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act, or CISPA. To track any data transferred to and from american, and non-american servers, can be vital to finding information. But this is believed to be in violation of the first amendment of the bill of rights, and human rights themselves, a right to privacy. With these things in mind, the solution is complicated if you can not invade human rights, nor provoke all american internet users.
heres a short video on youtube about CISPA.